REFERENCE STANDARD FOR THE MEASUREMENT OF LOSS OF AUTONOMY AND FUNCTIONAL CAPACITIES IN LONG-TERM CARE FACILITIES
F. Buckinx, E. Peyrusqué, M.J. Kergoat, M. Aubertin-Leheudre
J Frailty Aging 2023;12(3)236-243
The vast majority of people living in long-term care facilities (LTCFs) are octogenarians (i.e., in Québec, 57.4% of the residents are age 85 or older, 26.2% are between age 75 and 84, 10.7% are between age 65 and 74, and 5.7% are below age 65 (1)), who are affected by a great loss of physical or cognitive autonomy due to illnesses and are unable to maintain their independence, safety and mobility at home. For the majority of them, their last living environment will be a LTCF. Moreover, the annual turnover in LTCFs is one-third of all residents (2) while the average length of stay is 823 days (1). Therefore the main challenges for caregivers in LTCFs are the maintenance of functional capacities and preventing patients from becoming bedridden and isolated. Measuring the level of autonomy and functional capacities is therefore a key element in the care of institutionalized people. Several validated tools are available to quantify the degree of dependence and the functional capacities of older people living in long-term care facilities. This narrative review aims to present the characteristics of the specific population living in long-term care facilities and describe the most widely used and validated tools to measure their level of autonomy and functional capacities.
F. Buckinx ; E. Peyrusqué ; M.J. Kergoat ; M. Aubertin-Leheudre ; (2023): Reference Standard for the Measurement of Loss of Autonomy and Functional Capacities in Long-Term Care Facilities. The Journal of Frailty and Aging (JFA). http://dx.doi.org/10.14283/jfa.2023.4