EFFECTS OF TRADITIONAL CHINESE EXERCISES ON FRAILTY, QUALITY OF LIFE, AND PHYSICAL FUNCTION ON FRAIL AND PRE-FRAIL OLDER PEOPLE: A SYSTEMATIC REVIEW AND META-ANALYSIS
X. Wan, J. Shen, G. He
J Frailty Aging 2022;11(4)407-415
PURPOSE: To explore the effects of traditional Chinese exercises (TCEs) on the frailty status, quality of life, and physical function of frail and pre-frail older adults.
Methods: Eight databases were searched from inception to March 28, 2022. Methodological quality and heterogeneity were assessed. Mean difference (MD) or standardized MD (SMD) were pooled using random-effects or fixed-effects meta-analysis, depending on heterogeneity.
Results: A total of 12 articles were included. Results showed relieved frailty status of frail and pre-frail older adults (SMD = −1.46; 95% CI [−2.39, −0.53]; p < 0.01); quality of life improved (SMD = 0.91, 95% CI [0.19, 1.63]; p < 0.01); grip strength enhanced doing Badaunjin (MD = 2.51, 95% CI [1.09, 3.93]; p < 0.01), but no significant improvement with Taichi (MD = 0.10, 95% CI [−2.3,2.5]; p = 0.93); dynamic balance ability improved (MD = −2.57, 95% CI [−2.90, −2.25], p < 0.01); 4.5-m walking time shortened (MD = −0.95; 95% CI [−1.70, −0.20]; p < 0.001); gait speed improved (MD = 0.04; 95% CI [0.01, 0.07]; p = 0.003); lower body endurance increased (MD = 33.78; 95% CI [10.99, 56.68]; p = 0.004); Lower limb flexibility improved (SMD = −2.07; 95% CI [−2.94, −1.21]; p < 0.01).
Conclusions: This study showed that TCEs may be helpful in alleviating frailty status and improving the quality of life and physical functions of frail and pre-frail older adults. Lastly, additional high-quality clinical trials are warranted despite the limited strong evidence.
X. Wan ; J. Shen ; G. He ; (2022): Effects of Traditional Chinese Exercises on Frailty, Quality of Life, and Physical Function on Frail and Pre-Frail Older People: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. The Journal of Frailty and Aging (JFA). http://dx.doi.org/10.14283/jfa.2022.52