POOR HEALTH BEHAVIORS AMONG HOUSEBOUND JAPANESE COMMUNITY-DWELLING OLDER ADULTS DUE TO PROLONGED SELF-RESTRAINT DURING THE FIRST COVID-19 PANDEMIC: A CROSS-SECTIONAL SURVEY
T. Tanaka, B.-K. Son, K. Iijima
J Frailty Aging 2023;12(1)86-90
Background: Prolonged self-restraining behaviors induced by the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic’s containment measures can limit various positive health behaviors.
Objective: We examined the decline in going-out and certain other positive health behaviors and investigated the relationship between excessive decreases in going-out frequency and declining engagement in positive health behaviors among community-dwelling older adults during the self-restraint period.
Design: This study employed a cross-sectional survey design.
Setting: This study was conducted in Nishi Tokyo City, Tokyo, Japan.
Participants: The participants were 294 respondents (150 women) aged 50 years and older who lived in public housing that were permitted to be surveyed during the self-restraint period.
Measurements: Their pre-pandemic going-out frequency around February 2020 and going-out frequency during the self-restraint period starting in April 2020 were reported. We mainly assessed the existence of home health behaviors (i.e., exercise, in-person and phone conversations, and healthy diet). A self-report questionnaire was used to obtain data.
Results: Going-out frequency decreased in 41.2% of the 294 respondents owing to the government’s request for self-restraint. In total, 13 individuals had been going out less than one time per week (housebound) before the request. Of the 281 people who were not housebound before the government’s self-restraint request, 13.9% were newly housebound. Newly housebound individuals were 5.3 times less likely to exercise, had 2.1 times fewer social contacts, and 2.6 times less balanced or healthy diets than those who maintained their frequency of going out.
Conclusions: Prolonged self-restraint due to the COVID-19 pandemic may lead to housebound status and poor health behaviors. Public health intervention is needed to prevent excessive self-restraint, along with new measures integrating information and communication technologies to enable older adults to live active lives.
T. Tanaka ; B.-K. Son ; K. Iijima (2022): Poor Health Behaviors among Housebound Japanese Community-Dwelling Older Adults Due to Prolonged Self-Restraint during the First COVID-19 Pandemic: A Cross-Sectional Survey. The Journal of Frailty and Aging (JFA). http://dx.doi.org/10.14283/jfa.2022.20