APPETITE LOSS AND ANOREXIA OF AGING IN CLINICAL CARE: AN ICFSR TASK FORCE REPORT
P. de Souto Barreto, M. Cesari, J.E. Morley, S. Roberts, F. Landi, T. Cederholm, Y. Rolland, B. Vellas, R. Fielding
J Frailty Aging 2022;11(2)129-134
Appetite loss/anorexia of aging is a highly prevalent and burdensome geriatric syndrome that strongly impairs the quality of life of older adults. Loss of appetite is associated with several clinical conditions, including comorbidities and other geriatric syndromes, such as frailty. Despite its importance, appetite loss has been under-evaluated and, consequently, under-diagnosed and under-treated in routine clinical care. The International Conference on Frailty and Sarcopenia Research (ICFSR) Task Force met virtually on September 27th 2021 to debate issues related to appetite loss/anorexia of aging. In particular, topics related to the implementation and management of appetite loss in at-risk older adult populations, energy balance during aging, and the design of future clinical trials on this topic were discussed. Future actions in this field should focus on the systematic assessment of appetite in the care pathway of older people, such as the Integrated Care for Older People (ICOPE) program recommended by the World Health Organization. Moreover, clinical care should move from the assessment to the treatment of appetite loss/anorexia. Researchers continue to pursue their efforts to find out effective pharmacologic and non-pharmacologic interventions with a favorable risk/benefit ratio.
P. de Souto Barreto ; M. Cesari ; J.E. Morley ; S. Roberts ; F. Landi ; T. Cederholm ; Y. Rolland ; B. Vellas ; R. Fielding (2022): Appetite Loss and Anorexia of Aging in Clinical Care: An ICFSR Task Force Report. The Journal of Frailty and Aging (JFA). http://dx.doi.org/10.14283/jfa.2022.14