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M. Yam, H. Ng, C.L. Lim, Y.L. Munro, W.S. Lim

J Frailty Aging 2022;11(2)169-176

Background: Sarcopenia is an emerging disease that adversely impacts outcomes of older adults across the spectrum of fragility fractures. Few studies have examined sarcopenia in upstream fragility fractures such as the distal radius. Understanding the state of current evidence is essential in defining a research agenda in this critical area of sentinel distal radius fractures and sarcopenia. Objectives: The aim of this scoping review was to summarize existing literature on sarcopenia in distal radius fracture in older adults, and to identify research areas and gaps to guide future studies. Methods: We utilized the 5-stage framework of Arksey and O’Malley. We searched studies from 2010 to 2020 relating to «Sarcopenia» and «Distal radius fractures» in major databases. Two reviewers independently screened articles for inclusion and conducted full text reviews of shortlisted articles. We extracted data on research areas, key findings, and study limitations. Results: Thirteen studies met the inclusion and exclusion criteria. They covered the areas of epidemiology (N=9), risk factors (N=4), basic science (N=2), outcomes (N=1), and diagnostic modalities (N=1). There were no studies on screening/case finding, prognostic scoring, intervention, or health economics. Identified limitations included the lack of clear definition and diagnostic criteria for sarcopenia, and lack of, or inappropriate, control group. Majority of studies were retrospective or cross-sectional in study design. Conclusions: This scoping review on sarcopenia in distal radius fractures highlighted gaps in research areas and in the rigor of studies conducted, and the need for more prospective cohort and interventional studies. Building upon current consensus criteria, we propose setting a research agenda along the timeline of sarcopenia management, from screening through to intervention and follow-up, which will inform future research in this early disease cohort of fragility fractures.

M. Yam ; H. Ng ; C.L. Lim ; Y.L. Munro ; W.S. Lim ; (2022): Sarcopenia in Distal Radius Fractures: A Scoping Review. The Journal of Frailty and Aging (JFA). http://dx.doi.org/10.14283/jfa.2022.6

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