BODY COMPOSITION ACROSS THE ADULT LIFESPAN IN AFRICAN CARIBBEAN MEN: THE TOBAGO LONGITUDINAL STUDY OF AGING
A.J. Santanasto, I. Miljkovic, R.K. Cvejkus, R.M. Boudreau, .W. Wheeler, J.M. Zmuda
J Frailty Aging 2022;11(1)40-44
Body composition and muscle strength change vary by age and ethnicity, and have a major impact on health and physical function. Little is known about the patterns of these changes in African-ancestry populations. Herein, we examined age-specific (5-year age groups) rates-of-change in lean and fat mass in 1918 African-ancestry men on the Caribbean island of Tobago (baseline age: 62.0±11.8 years, range: 40-99 years). Body composition (DXA) and grip strength were measured at three time points (baseline, 4- and 9-year follow-up). Annualized rates of change were calculated with all 3 time-points using Generalized Estimating Equations. We found that whole body lean mass declined at constant rate until age 65 (-0.72%/year; 95% CI: -0.76, -0.67), which accelerated to -0.92 %/year (-1.02, -0.82) among those 65-69, and again to -1.16 %/year (-1.30, -1.03 ) among those aged 70+. Whole body fat mass increased by a near constant rate of 2.93 %/year (2.72, 3.15%) across the lifespan. Finally, grip strength decline accelerated at age 50, and about 2x faster than lean mass through the lifespan after the age of 50. To conclude, in African-Caribbean men, the acceleration in muscle strength decline precedes the acceleration in lean mass decline by 10-15 years, suggesting decrements in factors other than lean mass drive this initial acceleration in muscle strength decline. We also found that African-Caribbean men undergo a constant shift to a more adipogenic phenotype throughout the adult lifespan (aged 40-99), which likely contributes to age-related loss of muscle and physical function.
A.J. Santanasto ; I. Miljkovic ; R.K. Cvejkus ; R.M. Boudreau ; V.W. Wheeler ; J.M. Zmuda (2021): Body Composition Across the Adult Lifespan in African Caribbean Men: The Tobago Longitudinal Study of Aging. The Journal of Frailty and Aging (JFA). http://dx.doi.org/10.14283/jfa.2021.47