ASSOCIATION OF DIETARY INTAKE WITH THE TRANSITIONS OF FRAILTY AMONG JAPANESE COMMUNITY-DWELLING OLDER ADULTS
R. Otsuka, S. Zhang, C. Tange, Y. Nishita, M. Tomida, K. Kinoshita, Y. Kato, F. Ando, H. Shimokata
J Frailty Aging 2022;11(1)26-32
Due to progressive population aging, a new dementia case occurs at every 3 seconds, placing a heavy burden of disease. Identifying potential risk or preventive factors is emphasized owing to a lack of effective treatment for dementia. There has been emerging evidence on the link of certain dietary components, particularly polyphenols, to brain wellness and cognitive outcomes. Findings from animal and in vitro studies appear more consistent and conclusive. However, such an association has not been investigated in depth in human beings. In this review, we examined studies on the effect of dietary polyphenols (including flavonoids, curcumin, and resveratrol) on cognitive function. Intervention in early stages of dementia/Alzheimer’s disease might be a target to slow down age-related cognitive decline before disease onset. We summarized 28 epidemiological studies (8 cross-sectional and 20 cohort studies) and 55 trials in this review. Preliminary evidence from epidemiological data provides the necessity for intervention trials, even though the measures of polyphenol intake tend to be less precise. Clinical trials are in favor of the role of some polyphenols in benefiting specific domains of cognition. This review also describes the divergence of results and current limitations of research in this field.
R. Otsuka ; S. Zhang ; C. Tange ; Y. Nishita ; M. Tomida ; K. Kinoshita ; Y. Kato ; F. Ando ; H. Shimokata ; H. Arai (2021): Association of Dietary Intake with the Transitions of Frailty among Japanese Community-Dwelling Older Adults. The Journal of Frailty and Aging (JFA). http://dx.doi.org/10.14283/jfa.2021.42