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B.W.J. Pang, S.-L. Wee, L.K. Lau, K.A. Jabbar, W.T. Seah, D.H.M. Ng, Q.L.L. Tan, K.K. Chen, M.U. Jagadish T.P. Ng1,4

J Frailty Aging 2021;10(3)202-210

Objectives: Due to the lack of a uniform obesity definition, there is marked variability in reported sarcopenic obesity (SO) prevalence and associated health outcomes. We compare the association of SO with physical function using current Asian Working Group for Sarcopenia (AWGS) guidelines and different obesity measures to propose the most optimal SO diagnostic formulation according to functional impairment, and describe SO prevalence among community-dwelling young and old adults. Design: Obesity was defined according to waist circumference (WC), percentage body fat (PBF), fat mass index (FMI), fat mass/fat-free mass ratio (FM/FFM), or body mass index (BMI). SO was defined as the presence of both obesity and AWGS sarcopenia. Muscle function was compared among phenotypes and obesity definitions using ANOVA. Differences across obesity measures were further ascertained using multiple linear regressions to determine their associations with the Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB). Setting: Community-dwelling adults 21 years old and above were recruited from a large urban residential town in Singapore. Participants: 535 community-dwelling Singaporeans were recruited (21-90 years old, 57.9% women), filling quotas of 20-40 participants in each sex- and age-group. Measurements: We took measurements of height, weight, BMI, waist and hip circumferences, body fat, muscle mass, muscle strength, and functional assessments. Questionnaire-based physical and cognitive factors were also assessed. Results: Overall prevalence of SO was 7.6% (WC-based), 5.1% (PBF-based), 2.7% (FMI-based), 1.5% (FM/FFM-based), and 0.4% (BMI-based). SO was significantly associated with SPPB only in the FMI model (p<0.05), and total variance explained by the different regression models was highest for the FMI model. Conclusions: Our findings suggest FMI as the most preferred measure for obesity and support its use as a diagnostic criteria for SO.

B.W.J. Pang ; S.-L. Wee ; L.K. Lau ; K.A. Jabbar ; W.T. Seah ; D.H.M. Ng ; Q.L.L. Tan ; K.K. Chen ; M.U. Jagadish ; T.P. Ng (2020): Obesity Measures and Definitions of Sarcopenic Obesity in Singaporean Adults – the Yishun Study. The Journal of Frailty and Aging (JFA). http://dx.doi.org/10.14283/jfa.2020.65

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