DO MALNUTRITION, SARCOPENIA AND FRAILTY OVERLAP IN NURSING-HOME RESIDENTS?
G. Faxén-Irving, Y. Luiking, H. Grönstedt, E. Franzén, Å. Seiger, S. Vikström, A. Wimo, A.-M. Boström, T. Cederholm
J Frailty Aging 2021;10(1)17-21
Objectives: To study the prevalence and overlap between malnutrition, sarcopenia and frailty in a selected group of nursing home (NH) residents. Design: Cross-sectional descriptive study. Setting: Nursing homes (NH). Participants: 92 residents taking part in an exercise and oral nutritional supplementation study; >75 years old, able to rise from a seated position, body mass index ≤30 kg/m2 and not receiving protein-rich oral nutritional supplements. Measurements: The MNA-SF and Global Leadership Initiative on Malnutrition (GLIM) criteria were used for screening and diagnosis of malnutrition (moderate or severe), respectively. Sarcopenia risk was assessed by the SARC-F Questionnaire (0-10p; ≥4=increased risk), and for diagnosis the European Working Group of Sarcopenia in Older People (EWGSOP2) criteria was used. To screen for frailty the FRAIL Questionnaire (0-5p; 1-2p indicating pre-frailty, and >3p indicating frailty), was employed. Results: Average age was 86 years; 62% were women. MNA-SF showed that 30 (33%) people were at risk or malnourished. The GLIM criteria verified malnutrition in 16 (17%) subjects. One third (n=33) was at risk for sarcopenia by SARC-F. Twenty-seven (29%) subjects displayed confirmed sarcopenic according to EWGSOP2. Around 50% (n=47) was assessed as pre-frail or frail. Six people (7%) suffered from all three conditions. Another five (5%) of the residents were simultaneously malnourished and sarcopenic, but not frail, while frailty coexisted with sarcopenia in 10% (n=9) of non-malnourished residents. Twenty-nine (32%) residents were neither malnourished, sarcopenic nor frail. Conclusions: In a group of selected NH residents a majority was either (pre)frail (51%), sarcopenic (29%) or malnourished (17%). There were considerable overlaps between the three conditions.
G. Faxén-Irving ; Y. Luiking ; H. Grönstedt ; E. Franzén ; Å. Seiger ; S. Vikström ; A. Wimo ; A.-M. Boström ; T. Cederholm (2020): Do malnutrition, sarcopenia and frailty overlap in nursing-home residents?. The Journal of Frailty and Aging (JFA). http://dx.doi.org/10.14283/jfa.2020.45