FRAMEWORK IMPLEMENTATION OF THE INSPIRE ICOPE-CARE PROGRAM IN COLLABORATION WITH THE WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION (WHO) IN THE OCCITANIA REGION
N. Tavassoli, A. Piau, C. Berbon, J. De Kerimel, C. Lafont, P. De Souto Barreto, S. Guyonnet, C. Takeda, I. Carrie, D. Angioni, F. Paris, C. Mathieu, P.J. Ousset, L. Balardy, T. Voisin, S. Sourdet, J. Delrieu, V. Bezombes, V. Pons-Pretre, S. Andrieu, F. Nourhashemi, Y. Rolland, M.E. Soto, J. Beard, Y. Sumi, I. Araujo Carvalho, B. Vellas
J Frailty Aging 2021;10(2)103-109
Introduction: Limiting the number of dependent older people in coming years will be a major economic and human challenge. In response, the World Health Organization (WHO) has developed the «Integrated Care for Older People (ICOPE)» approach. The aim of the ICOPE program is to enable as many people as possible to age in good health. To reach this objective, the WHO proposes to follow the trajectory of an individual’s intrinsic capacity, which is the composite of all their physical and mental capacities and comprised of multiple domains including mobility, cognition, vitality / nutrition, psychological state, vision, hearing. Objective: The main objective of the INSPIRE ICOPE-CARE program is to implement, in clinical practice at a large scale, the WHO ICOPE program in the Occitania region, in France, to promote healthy aging and maintain the autonomy of seniors using digital medicine. Method: The target population is independent seniors aged 60 years and over. To follow this population, the 6 domains of intrinsic capacity are systematically monitored with pre-established tools proposed by WHO especially STEP 1 which has been adapted in digital form to make remote and large-scale monitoring possible. Two tools were developed: the ICOPE MONITOR, an application, and the BOTFRAIL, a conversational robot. Both are connected to the Gerontopole frailty database. STEP 1 is performed every 4-6 months by professionals or seniors themselves. If a deterioration in one or more domains of intrinsic capacity is identified, an alert is generated by an algorithm which allows health professionals to quickly intervene. The operational implementation of the INSPIRE ICOPE-CARE program in Occitania is done by the network of Territorial Teams of Aging and Prevention of Dependency (ETVPD) which have more than 2,200 members composed of professionals in the medical, medico-social and social sectors. Targeted actions have started to deploy the use of STEP 1 by healthcare professionals (physicians, nurses, pharmacists,…) or different institutions like French National old age insurance fund (CNAV), complementary pension funds (CEDIP), Departmental Council of Haute Garonne, etc. Perspective: The INSPIRE ICOPE-CARE program draws significantly on numeric tools, e-health and digital medicine to facilitate communication and coordination between professionals and seniors. It seeks to screen and monitor 200,000 older people in Occitania region within 3 to 5 years and promote preventive actions. The French Presidential Plan Grand Age aims to largely implement the WHO ICOPE program in France following the experience of the INSPIRE ICOPE-CARE program in Occitania.
N. Tavassoli ; A. Piau ; C. Berbon ; J. De Kerimel ; C. Lafont ; P. De Souto Barreto ; S. Guyonnet ; C. Takeda ; I. Carrie ; D. Angioni ; F. Paris ; C. Mathieu ; P.J. Ousset ; L. Balardy ; T. Voisin ; S. Sourdet ; J. Delrieu ; V. Bezombes ; V. Pons-Pretre ; S. Andrieu ; F. Nourhashemi ; Y. Rolland ; M.E. Soto ; J. Beard ; Y. Sumi ; I. Araujo Carvalho ; B. Vellas ; (2020): Framework Implementation of the INSPIRE ICOPE-CARE program in collaboration with the World Health Organization (WHO) in the Occitania region. The Journal of Frailty and Aging (JFA). http://dx.doi.org/10.14283/jfa.2020.26