REPORTED WEIGHT CHANGE IN OLDER ADULTS AND PRESENCE OF FRAILTY
R.S. Crow, C.L. Petersen, S.B. Cook, C.J. Stevens, A.J. Titus, T.A. Mackenzie, J.A. Batsis
J Frailty Aging 2020;9(2)74-81
ported weight change over the lifespan impacts rates of frailty in older adults. Methods: We identified 4,984 subjects ≥60 years with body composition measures from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. An adapted version of Fried’s frailty criteria was used as the primary outcome. Self-reported weight was assessed at time current,1 and 10 years earlier and at age 25. Weight changes between each time point were categorized as ≥ 5%, ≤5% or neutral. Logistic regression assessed the impact of weight change on the outcome of frailty. Results: Among 4,984 participants, 56.5% were female, mean age was 71.1 years, and mean BMI was 28.2kg/m2. A weight loss of ≥ 5% had a higher association with frailty compared to current weight, age 25 (OR 2.94 [1.72,5.02]), 10 years ago (OR 1.68 [1.05,2.69]), and 1 year ago (OR 1.55 [1.02,2.36]). Weight gain in the last year was associated with increased rate of frailty (1.59 [1.09,2.32]). Conclusion: There is an association between frailty and reported weight loss over time while only weight gain in the last year has an association with frailty.
R.S. Crow ; C.L. Petersen ; S.B. Cook ; C.J. Stevens ; A.J. Titus ; T.A. Mackenzie ; J.A. Batsis (2019): Reported Weight Change in Older Adults and Presence of Frailty. The Journal of Frailty and Aging (JFA). http://dx.doi.org/10.14283/jfa.2019.44