TEST-RETEST RELIABILITY OF MEASUREMENTS OF HAND- GRIP STRENGTH OBTAINED BY DYNAMOMETRY FROM OLDER ADULTS: A SYSTEMATIC REVIEW OF RESEARCH IN THE PUBMED DATABASE
J Frailty Aging 2017;6(2):83-87
A systematic review was performed to summarize literature describing the test-retest reliability of grip strength measures obtained from older adults. Relevant literature was identified via a PubMed search. Seventeen articles were deemed appropriate based on inclusion and exclusion criteria. The relative test-retest reliability of grip strength measures obtained by dynamometry was good to excellent (intra-class correlation coefficients > 0.80) in all but 3 studies, which involved older adults with severe dementia. Absolute reliability, as indicated by summary statistics such as the minimum detectable change (95%), was more variable. As a percentage, that change ranged from 14.5% to 98.5%. Consequently, clinicians can be confident in the relative reliability of grip strength measures obtained from at risk older adults. However, relatively large percentage changes in grip strength may be necessary to conclude with confidence that a real change has occurred over time in some populations.
R.W. Bohannon (2017): Test-retest Reliability of Measurements of Hand- grip Strength Obtained by Dynamometry from Older Adults: A Systematic Review of Research in the PubMed Database. The Journal of Frailty and Aging (JFA). http://dx.doi.org/10.14283/jfa.2017.8