IDENTIFYING FRAILTY LEVELS AND ASSOCIATED FACTORS IN A POPULATION LIVING IN THE CONTEXT OF POVERTY AND SOCIAL VULNERABILITY
M.S. Zazzetta, G.A.O. Gomes, F.S. Orlandi, A.C. M. Gratão, F.A. Vasilceac, K. Gramani-Say, M.A. Ponti, P.C. Castro, S.C.I. Pavarini, A.L. C. Menezes, C.M.C. Nascimento, M.R. Cominetti
J Frailty Aging 2017;6(1):29-32
This study aimed to investigate a vulnerable population living in the context of poverty in a Brazilian municipality, in order to identify the factors that are associated with frailty syndrome in elderly people. From the total population living in the area, a random sample of 363 community-dwelling people, 60 years and older, age and gender-stratified, was selected to participate in the research. After losses, a sample of 304 older adults was classified as non-frail, pre-frail and frail. According to the Fried frailty criteria, the prevalence was 12.2% for non-frail individuals, 60.5% pre-frail and 27.3% frail. The main factors associated with frailty in the studied sample were low level of physical activity (OR: 5.2, 95%CI: 2.5–11.0), the occurrence of two or more falls within 12 months (OR: 3.1, 95%CI: 1.4–7.1), mobility deficits (OR: 3.0, 95%CI: 1.5–5.8), and depressive symptoms (OR: 1.9, 95%CI: 1.1–3.7). This study identified the most important factors that must be evaluated to identify frailty syndrome in a socially vulnerable population in the context of poverty. The data should help to encourage effective strategies concerning public health policies for this population.
M.S. Zazzetta ; G.A.O. Gomes ; F.S. Orlandi ; A.C. M. Gratão ; F.A. Vasilceac ; K. Gramani-Say ; M.A. Ponti ; P.C. Castro ; S.C.I. Pavarini ; A.L. C. Menezes ; C.M.C. Nascimento ; M.R. Cominetti (2016): Identifying frailty levels and associated factors in a population living in the context of poverty and social vulnerability. The Journal of Frailty and Aging (JFA). http://dx.doi.org/10.14283/jfa.2016.116