FRAILTY AND NUTRITION: WHAT WE HAVE LEARNED FROM RESEARCH AND CLINICAL PRACTICE ON THE MINI NUTRITIONAL ASSESSMENT
J Frailty Aging 2012;1(2):52-55
In this short communication, we review the relationship between frailty and malnutrition risk in the elderly. Frailty is a term used for elderly at increased risk of adverse outcomes, including disability, falls, hospitalization, need for long-term care, and mortality. The Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA) was designed and validated in a series of studies to assess nutritional status of elderly, as integral part of the comprehensive geriatric assessment, with a 2-steps screening process; when the MNA-SF classify a person at risk, the full MNA should be completed. The MNA and MNA-SF are sensitive, specific, and accurate in identifying nutrition risk. Increased risk of malnutrition, a common condition in the elderly, is closely associated with many potential contributors of frailty. The maintenance of optimal physical and cognitive performances depends on the early screening of critical conditions to develop preventive targeted interventions; the MNA supports such preventive action.
Y. Guigoz (2012): Frailty and Nutrition: what we have learned from research and clinical practice on the Mini Nutritional Assessment. The Journal of Frailty and Aging (JFA). http://dx.doi.org/10.14283/jfa.2012.10