COMPARISON OF NEAR-INFRARED SPECTROSCOPY AND BIOELECTRICAL IMPEDANCE ANALYSIS FOR THE ASSESSMENT OF BODY COMPOSITION IN THE FRAIL ELDERLY
T. Kamo, H. Ishii, D. Takahashi, K. Iwagaya, T. Ishida, Y. Nishida
J Frailty Aging 2014;3(4):211-215
Background: Body composition is an important component of health related fitness. Near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) is a non-invasive, simple and rapid method of assessing body fat percentage. However, it is unknown whether NIRS can accurately estimate FFM in community-dwelling frail elderly. Objectives: This study aimed to compare NIRS with bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) in FFM measurement. Design: Cross-sectional study. Setting: Shizuoka, Japan. Participants: The study population comprised 53 community-dwelling frail elderly (15 men, 38 women; mean age 84.8±6.4 years; body mass index 19.7±3.5 kg/m2). Measurement: FFM and percentage fat mass (%FM) were estimated using a NIRS device at two sites (biceps and calf) and compared to body composition measured by BIA. Simple linear regression and Bland–Altman analyses were used to determine agreement between the methods. Results: FFM determined by BIA highly correlated with that determined by NIRS at both the biceps and calf (r=0.92 for both; p<0.001). The correlation coefficients for %FM estimated by NIRS were slightly lower (r=0.70 for biceps; r=0.66 for calf). In NIRS assessments, systematic biases were found for %FM but not for FFM. Conclusion: NIRS has significant potential for body composition analysis. Further comparative and longitudinal studies need to be conducted using an agreed reference analysis method to find a simple and more suitable method that can be applied among the community-dwelling frail elderly.
T. Kamo ; H. Ishii ; D. Takahashi ; K. Iwagaya ; T. Ishida ; Y. Nishida (2014): COMPARISON OF NEAR-INFRARED SPECTROSCOPY AND BIOELECTRICAL IMPEDANCE ANALYSIS FOR THE ASSESSMENT OF BODY COMPOSITION IN THE FRAIL ELDERLY. The Journal of Frailty and Aging (JFA). http://dx.doi.org/10.14283/jfa.2014.26