PREDICTING THE EFFICACY OF PROTEIN-ENERGY SUPPLEMENTATION IN FRAIL OLDER ADULTS LIVING IN COMMUNITY
J Frailty Aging 2014;3(2):126-131
Background: Protein-energy malnutrition is a major cause of functional decline in the elderly and is clearly an important component of frailty. However, limited evidence is available about how to select frail individuals most benefiting from protein-energy supplementation. Objectives: 1) To investigate factors associated with stronger benefits from protein-energy supplementation, and 2) to test the hypothesis that the severity of frailty is associated with the efficacy of protein-energy supplementation. Design: Secondary analysis of data from a pre-post-intervention study and a clinical trial. Setting: National Home Healthcare Services in Gangbuk-gu, Seoul, South Korea. Participants: 123 community-dwelling frail older adults [usual gait speed (UGS) <0.6m/sec and Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA) <24]. Intervention: Each participant was received with two 200 mL per day of commercial liquid formula (providing additional 400 kcal of energy and 25 g of protein per day) for 12 weeks. Measurements: Relative change in the Physical Functioning (PF) and Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB) score between the baseline and 12-week follow-up assessments were measured. Results: Multilevel mixed-effect linear regression analysis showed that a lower level of baseline UGS was associated with a greater improvement in PF and SPPB score after adjustment for age, gender, education, living status, beneficiary of public assistance, number of chronic diseases, compliance, and type of dataset (p<0.001). A lower level of baseline MNA score was associated with greater change in PF and SPPB score after adjustment for multiple covariates (p<0.045). Participants with severe frailty (UGS <0.3 m/sec + MNA <17) showed 52.4% and 44.6% more relevant improvements in PF and SPPB score, respectively, than those with mild frailty (UGS 0.3-0.6 m/sec + MNA 17-24) (p<0.001). Conclusion: Slower UGS and lower MNA score are independently associated with the greater efficacy of protein-energy supplementation on functional status.
C.O. Kim (2014): PREDICTING THE EFFICACY OF PROTEIN-ENERGY SUPPLEMENTATION IN FRAIL OLDER ADULTS LIVING IN COMMUNITY. The Journal of Frailty and Aging (JFA). http://dx.doi.org/10.14283/jfa.2014.13