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J. Li, P. Liu, Y. Zhang, G. Wang, Y. Zhou, Y. Xing, L. Zhang, Y. Li, L. Ma

J Frailty Aging 2024;13(2)125-130

BACKGROUND: Physical resilience is an emerging concept that describes an individual’s capacity to recover from stressors. However, few instruments are currently available for assessing physical resilience. OBJECTIVE: To develop a scale to assess physical resilience in older adults. DESIGN: Development of a clinical scale. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: A total of 172 hospitalized older adults were recruited. MEASUREMENTS: This study comprised two stages. First, a pool of physical resilience scale items was created through a literature review, and the Delphi method was used to establish an initial scale. Second, the initial physical resilience scale was tested on hospitalized older adults. RESULTS: Five primary and 19 secondary items were identified after reviewing the literature. After two rounds of expert consultations, three primary and 16 secondary items were determined. The overall Cronbach’s alpha for the scale was 0.760. Except for items N2, N4, N5, N8, and N14, Pearson’s correlation between the scores of the remaining items and the total score ranged from 0.407 to 0.672. Except for items N2, N4, and N5, the corrected item-total correlation results ranged from 0.301 to 0.580, indicating good consistency between each item and the overall scale. Factor analysis showed that except for N7, the factor loadings of the remaining items were between 0.584 and 0.844. After expert discussions, items N2, N4, N7, and N14 were included in the scale, and items N5 and N8 were removed. CONCLUSION: A 14-item physical resilience scale, CHEES, was developed to assess physical resilience levels in older adults.

J. Li ; P. Liu ; Y. Zhang ; G. Wang ; Y. Zhou ; Y. Xing ; L. Zhang ; Y. Li ; L. Ma ; (2024): Development of the Clinical pHysical rEsilience assEssment Scale (CHEES) in Chinese Older Adults. The Journal of Frailty and Aging (JFA). http://dx.doi.org/10.14283/jfa.2024.24

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