jfa journal ICFSR-2018

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PSYCHOSOCIOECONOMIC PRECARIOUSNESS AND FRAILTY: THE RESPECTIVE CONTRIBUTION IN PREDICTING MORTALITY

C. Ouvrard, C. Meillon, J.-F. Dartigues, M. Tabue Teguo, J.A. Avila-Funes, H. Amieva

Background: Low socioeconomic status and frailty are factors of vulnerability in old age. They are both well-known risk factors of death. On the other hand, low socioeconomic status has been reported as a predictor of frailty, which questions the relationship between socioeconomic status, frailty and death. Objectives: The aim of this work was to explore the respective contribution of psychosocioeconomic precariousness – which covers socioeconomic status and also psychosocial vulnerability – and frailty in predicting mortality. Design: Prospective population-based study. Setting: Three-City (3C) Bordeaux study, France. Participants: The sample consisted of 1586 subjects aged 65 or older. Measurements: Psychosocioeconomic precariousness was assessed utilizing a structured instrument which assessed poor socioeconomic status, and psychosocial vulnerability. Frailty status was defined by Fried’s phenotype. Results: After 14 years of follow-up, 665 deaths (42%) occurred. Psychosocioeconomic precariousness and frailty had both an independent contribution to mortality prediction (hazard ratio (HR) 1.51 (95% confidence interval (CI) 1.11-2.07)) and (HR 1.68 (95% CI 1.19-2.38)), respectively. Such relationships were adjusted for age, sex, disability, and comorbidities. No interaction term was found between precariousness and frailty. Conclusions: If psychosocioeconomic precariousness and frailty are both aspects of vulnerability in old age, they have a non-overlapping contribution in the prediction of mortality. These findings emphasize the importance of considering both psychosocioeconomic precariousness and frailty when identifying elderly people at risk of death.

CITATION:
C. Ouvrard ; C. Meillon ; J.-F. Dartigues ; M. Tabue Teguo ; J.A. Avila-Funes ; H. Amieva (2018): Psychosocioeconomic precariousness and frailty: the respective contribution in predicting mortality. The Journal of Frailty and Aging (JFA). http://dx.doi.org/10.14283/jfa.2018.36

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