PROFILE OF THE HEALTH AND NUTRITIONAL STATUS OF OLDER ADULTS IN MEXICO. 2012 NATIONAL HEALTH AND NUTRITION SURVEY
T. Shamah Levy, L. Cuevas Nasu, M.C. Morales Ruan, V. Mundo Rosas, I. Méndez Gómez-Humarán, S. Villalpando Hernández
J Frailty Aging 2013;2(4):184-191
Background: The health and nutritional conditions of older adults in Mexico are heterogeneous. The prevalence of chronic noncommunicable diseases is elevated with disparities in functionality and socioeconomic inequities. Objectives: To obtain updated information of the health and nutritional profile of older adults in Mexico in a national representative sample. Methods: Information was obtained from 6,687 60 years and older adults from the 2012 National Health and Nutrition Survey (ENSANUT 2012). An index defining the status of "healthy adult" was constructed taking into account the variables of independence in performing activities of daily living (ADL), based on the development by Katz, instrumental ADL, no chronic diseases, nonsmoker and no active use of alcohol. Tables of frequencies and proportions were constructed and expanded to describe the general characteristics and nutritional status of the adult Mexican population. A logistic regression model was used to study changes in the probability of being classified as a healthy adult with respect to different variables of interest. Probabilities using the delta method were estimated to establish 95% confidence intervals. Results: In this study 12.2% of the older adults, were classified as healthy. The logistic regression model adjusted for the variables included in the study shows that the interaction of age and gender is significant (P = 0.068), where the probability of healthy adult status decreases in women with ageing and remains stable for men. Also, living in the southern region of the country significantly decreases the probability of healthy adult status (P = 0.001). Gender of the older adult was not significant. Conclusions: In Mexico, the health conditions of older adults are deficient. Public policies need to be generated that are directed at this population group and will translate into self-care actions in the early stages of life so as to guarantee a healthy future.
T. Shamah Levy ; L. Cuevas Nasu ; M.C. Morales Ruan ; V. Mundo Rosas ; I. Méndez Gómez-Humarán ; S. Villalpando Hernández (2013): Profile of the health and nutritional status of older adults in Mexico - 2012 National Health and Nutrition Survey. The Journal of Frailty and Aging (JFA). http://dx.doi.org/10.14283/jfa.2013.27