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ASSOCIATION BETWEEN THE USE OF ANGIOTENSIN-BLOCKING MEDICATIONS WITH HIP FRACTURE AND DEATH IN OLDER PEOPLE

C. Shea, M.D. Witham

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ASSOCIATION BETWEEN THE USE OF ANGIOTENSIN-BLOCKING MEDICATIONS WITH HIP FRACTURE AND DEATH IN OLDER PEOPLE

C. Shea, M.D. Witham

It is unclear if angiotensin blocking drugs (angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors and angiotensin receptor blockers) reduce or increase the risk of falls and fractures. We retrospectively analysed routinely-collected, linked health and social care data for patients aged 65 and over from Tayside, Scotland, including hospital discharge diagnoses, biochemistry, deaths, care package provision and community prescribing. We conducted unadjusted and adjusted Cox regression analyses for time to hip fracture and time to death, for any exposure to angiotensin blocking drugs and for time-dependent exposure to angiotensin blocking drugs. We analysed data on 16782 patients. Angiotensin blocking drug use was associated with an exposure-dependent lower risk of hip fracture (hazard ratio 0.988 [95%CI 0.982-0.994] per year of exposure; p<0.001) and death (hazard ratio 0.986 [95%CI 0.983-0.989] per year of exposure; p<0.001). These findings call into question the appropriateness of stopping angiotensin blocking drugs for older people at risk of falls.

CITATION:
C. Shea ; M.D. Witham (2019): Association between the use of angiotensin-blocking medications with hip fracture and death in older people. The Journal of Frailty and Aging (JFA). http://dx.doi.org/10.14283/jfa.2019.38

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