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ASSOCIATION BETWEEN PERCEIVED ETHNIC DISCRIMINATION AND HEALTH: EVIDENCE FROM THE NATIONAL LATINO & ASIAN AMERICAN STUDY (NLAAS)

C. Siordia, Y.D. Covington-Ward

J Frailty Aging 2016;5(2):111-117

Background: The field of aging studies continues to better understand between-racial-group health disparities. Previous work provides empirical evidence for a statistical relationship between perceived discrimination and adverse health across all age groups. Specific Aim: We contribute to the literature by investigating the quantitative relationship between Perceived Ethnic Discrimination (PED), Self-Rated Physical Health (SR-PH), Self-Rated Mental Health (SR-MH), and their combined score (SR-PH-MH). Setting & Design: The cross-sectional observational study used data collected between 2002 and 2004 from the National Latino and Asian American Study (n=4,559; average age=41; 54% female; 18% Mexican; 36% Non-Mexican Latinos; 12% Chinese; 31% Non-Chinese Asians). We provide descriptive statistics for those below and at or above age 65. Results: Multivariable linear models adjusting for age, sex, ethnicity, education, body mass index, and neighborhood perception provide evidence that although a small effect, PED explains between-people variance in SR-PH (β=-0.01; α=0.001), SR-MH (β=-0.03; α=0.001), and SR-PH-MH (β=-0.04; α=0.001). Conclusions: The analysis supports arguments that PED has a non-random association with health. As we continue to explore novel measures of frailty, markers of social stress should be considered.

CITATION:
C. Siordia ; Y.D. Covington-Ward (2016): Association between Perceived Ethnic Discrimination and Health: Evidence from the National Latino & Asian American Study (NLAAS). The Journal of Frailty and Aging (JFA). http://dx.doi.org/10.14283/jfa.2016.90

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