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02/2012 journal articles

PREVENTING FRAILTY IN OBESE OLDER ADULTS

K. Shah, D.T. Villareal

J Frailty Aging 2012;1(2):47-49

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CITATION:
K. Shah ; D.T. Villareal (2012): PREVENTING FRAILTY IN OBESE OLDER ADULTS. The Journal of Frailty and Aging (JFA). http://dx.doi.org/10.14283/jfa.2012.8

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MAINTAINING FUNCTION WITH AGING WHAT WE HAVE LEARNED FROM THE FELS LONGITUDINAL STUDY

Wm.C. Chumlea, A. Choh, M. Lee, B. Towne, D. Duren, R.M. Siervogel, S. Czerwinski

J Frailty Aging 2012;1(2):50-51

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CITATION:
Wm.C. Chumlea ; A. Choh ; M. Lee ; B. Towne ; D. Duren ; R.M. Siervogel ; S. Czerwinski (2012): Maintaining Function with Aging What We Have Learned from the Fels Longitudinal Study. The Journal of Frailty and Aging (JFA). http://dx.doi.org/10.14283/jfa.2012.9

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FRAILTY AND NUTRITION: WHAT WE HAVE LEARNED FROM RESEARCH AND CLINICAL PRACTICE ON THE MINI NUTRITIONAL ASSESSMENT

Y. Guigoz

J Frailty Aging 2012;1(2):52-55

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In this short communication, we review the relationship between frailty and malnutrition risk in the elderly. Frailty is a term used for elderly at increased risk of adverse outcomes, including disability, falls, hospitalization, need for long-term care, and mortality. The Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA) was designed and validated in a series of studies to assess nutritional status of elderly, as integral part of the comprehensive geriatric assessment, with a 2-steps screening process; when the MNA-SF classify a person at risk, the full MNA should be completed. The MNA and MNA-SF are sensitive, specific, and accurate in identifying nutrition risk. Increased risk of malnutrition, a common condition in the elderly, is closely associated with many potential contributors of frailty. The maintenance of optimal physical and cognitive performances depends on the early screening of critical conditions to develop preventive targeted interventions; the MNA supports such preventive action.

CITATION:
Y. Guigoz (2012): Frailty and Nutrition: what we have learned from research and clinical practice on the Mini Nutritional Assessment. The Journal of Frailty and Aging (JFA). http://dx.doi.org/10.14283/jfa.2012.10

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FRAILTY AND COGNITION

M. Houles, M. Canevelli, G. Abellan van Kan, P.J. Ousset, M. Cesari, B.Vellas

J Frailty Aging 2012;1(2):56-63

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Frailty is a common, heterogeneous, geriatric syndrome associated with adverse health events. Over the last years, a growing debate has emerged concerning the inclusion of cognitive impairment in the definition of frailty. In fact, cognitive impairment has been increasingly recognized as a potential contributor to the clinical vulnerability of older persons. This review presents key studies describing the interrelationships between cognition and frailty; in particular we examine the clinical relevance of cognitive impairment in the determination of the frailty syndrome.

CITATION:
M. Houles ; M. Canevelli ; G. Abellan van Kan ; P.J. Ousset ; M. Cesari ; B.Vellas (2012): Frailty and cognition. The Journal of Frailty and Aging (JFA). http://dx.doi.org/10.14283/jfa.2012.11

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NUTRITIONAL SUPPLEMENTATION DURING RESISTANCE TRAINING IMPROVED SKELETAL MUSCLE MASS IN COMMUNITY-DWELLING FRAIL OLDER ADULTS

M. Yamada, H. Arai, K. Yoshimura, Y. Kajiwara, T. Sonoda, S. Nishiguchi, T. Aoyama

J Frailty Aging 2012;1(2):64-70

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Objective: Sarcopenia, the age-related loss of skeletal muscle mass, is highly prevalent in older adults. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of the combination of resistance training and multinutrients supplementation (including vitamin D and protein) on muscle mass and physical performance in frail older adults. Methods: This trial was conducted in Japanese frail older adults (n=77), which underwent a standardized protocol of a 3-month physical exercise intervention. The sample population was divided into two groups, according to the adoption (S/Ex: n = 38) or not (Ex: n = 39) of the additional multinutrient supplementation. The outcome measures of interest for the present analyses were the skeletal muscle mass index (SMI) and several physical performance tests. Results: Participants in S/Ex group had significant improvements for the outcome measures, including SMI and maximum walking time (P<0.05), compared to those in Ex group. The prevalence of sarcopenia decreased from 65.7% to 42.9% in S/Ex group, while that in Ex group remained unchanged (68.6% to 68.6%) (relative risk = 1.60, 95% CI: 1.03-2.49). Conclusion: The results of this study suggest that the combination of resistance training and multinutritional supplementation may be more effective at improving muscle mass and walking speed than an intervention only based on resistance training.

CITATION:
M. Yamada ; H. Arai ; K. Yoshimura ; Y. Kajiwara ; T. Sonoda ; S. Nishiguchi ; T. Aoyama (2012): Nutritional supplementation during resistance training improved skeletal muscle mass in community-dwelling frail older adults. The Journal of Frailty and Aging (JFA). http://dx.doi.org/10.14283/jfa.2012.12

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7TH IANA (INTERNATIONAL ACADEMY ON NUTRITION AND AGING) MEETING

Abstract

J Frailty Aging 2012;1(2):71-89

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LETTER TO THE EDITOR: GAIT SPEED: A NEW “VITAL SIGN” FOR OLDER PERSONS IN PRIMARY CARE

J. Subra, M.-E. Rougé-Bugat, L. Balardy, S. Bismuth, S. GilLette-Guyonnet, B. Vellas, S. Oustric

J Frailty Aging 2012;1(2):90-91

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CITATION:
J. Subra ; M.-E. Rougé-Bugat ; L. Balardy ; S. Bismuth ; S. Gillette-Guyonnet ; B. Vellas ; S. Oustric (2012): Letter to the editor/ GAIT SPEED: A NEW “VITAL SIGN” FOR OLDER PERSONS IN PRIMARY CARE . The Journal of Frailty and Aging (JFA). http://dx.doi.org/10.14283/jfa.2012.13

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